Camp Sherman 336 infantry
Ultimately, Camp Sherman became the third largest camp in the nation during the war. The camp was named after famous Ohioan and Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman.
The construction contract was awarded to A. Bentley & Sons of Toledo, Ohio. Approximately 2,000 acres of land were purchased for $20 an acre. Construction began on June 28, 1917, and the camp was commissioned on August 27, 1917, by Major General E. F. Glenn. The camp was nearly 95% complete in September and could house 40,000 men and 10,000 horses and mules in 2,000 nearby buildings. Before World War I ended, a total of 124,502 soldiers passed through Camp Sherman. The addition of Camp Sherman nearly quadrupled the size of Chillicothe.
In 1918, the influenza epidemic arrived at Camp Sherman. Thousands of soldiers contracted Spanish influenza in the late summer and early fall, and nearly twelve hundred died from the illness.
Camp Sherman Company 1520
Karen Sue Wikoff collection
Camp Sherman about 7 p.m
408 Motor Supply Camp Sherman 20 November 1917
Camp Sherman troops at mess hall
Camp Sherman horse feeding station
Camp Sherman ready for morning drill
Company of US transports
Camp Sherman soldiers in review
Camp Sherman Gun Inspection
Camp Sherman getting ready for action
Camp Sherman Drilling Rookies
Camp Sherman boys at mess
Camp Sherman a dry crowd
Camp Sherman just after Mess
Camp Sherman New Recruits
Camp Sherman front view of the Red Cross Hospital
Looking at Camp Sherman from a distance
Camp Sherman cantonment
Camp Sherman base hospital section
Camp Sherman Ice Plant
Digging trenches at Camp Sherman
Camp Sherman soldiers after they finished digging trench
Rookies on a 2 mile long street
Camp Sherman Base Hospital with camp in background
Camp Sherman a row of wards Base Hospital
Camp Sherman Emergency Hospital
Camp Sherman Showers, Bunk Houses and Officers Quarters
Camp Sherman 332 infantry
Camp Sherman Main Post Exchange with what is now Rt. 104 in front
Bird's Eye View of Camp Sherman
Camp Sherman Barracks
Camp Sherman a partial view
Camp Sherman Power House
Camp Sherman a wide view
Standing in line by the [coat and hat] Check-Room in the Community House at the U.S. Army WW I training camp, Camp Sherman, north of Chillicothe, Ohio in Ross Co., 1917-1918
Mark Howell collection
Camp Sherman OSU team
Standing in line by the [coat and hat] Check-Room in the Community House at the U.S. Army WW I at Camp Sherman
Soldiers from Camp Sherman in front of court house 1918
Toledo boys of the 329 inf November 1919
Army troops at Chillicothe's Camp Sherman playing games following drilling during WW I
Showing a row of officers' quarters at Camp Sherman
Camp Sherman all Americans
Camp Sherman 83rd football squad
The cigar shop (a branch of United Cigar Stores Inc.) at the Community House at Camp Sherman, in Ross Co. 1917-1918.
Mark Howell collection
Hauling material to the trenches
The exterior of the WCCS Army Club No.2 for Colored Soldiers, Friends, and Relatives at the WW I Army training Camp Sherman
Mark Howell collection
Camp Sherman Street scene
Camp Sherman Front of the program from when Ohio State played an All Star team from Camp Sherman. Ohio State won 28-0.
Members of the YMCA singing in a base hospital ward at Camp Sherman, March 22, 1918
Camps Sherman team
Camp Sherman Trench Diggers
Camp Sherman black recruits
Dwight D Eisenhower at Camp Sherman sitting in the reviewing stand with General Glenn watching a football game. Ike is to the left of Gen. Glenn in the photo who is standing.
Starting on a morning hike
A view of one of Camp Sherman's two Curtiss Jenny biplanes. They were used to observe maneuvers and evaluate troop formations.
Jeff Shroyer collection
The signaling instrument they are using is a US Signal Service heliograph, model of 1905.
Heliographs were used by the US military for visual signaling from 1879 to about 1922.
The US signal service heliograph worked by reflecting sunlight at the target using 4.5"x4.5" gimbaled mirrors on a tripod, then using a shutter on a second tripod to chop the sunbeam into the dots and dashes of Morse Code. The signal could be read by the naked eye at 45 miles - further with a telescope. For all intents and purposes, the range was line of sight.
A 28 second clip from a 1915 film showing how the heliograph was transported, set up, and used to signal, is on YouTube (HD 1080p video), at: https://youtu.be/tdv11gZAUI8
Thanks to Richard A. Fowell for the picture and informationRichard A. Fowell