Camp Sherman a wide view
Picture provided by Steve Staten

Camp Sherman 336 infantry

photo courtesy of Chuck Myers.  Chuck's dad is in this picture.

     Ultimately, Camp Sherman became the third largest camp in the nation during the war. The camp was named after famous Ohioan and Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman.  

     The construction contract was awarded to A. Bentley & Sons of Toledo, Ohio. Approximately 2,000 acres of land were purchased for $20 an acre.  Construction began on June 28, 1917, and the camp was commissioned on August 27, 1917, by Major General E. F. Glenn. The camp was nearly 95% complete in September and could house 40,000 men and 10,000 horses and mules in 2,000 nearby buildings. Before World War I ended, a total of 124,502 soldiers passed through Camp Sherman. The addition of Camp Sherman nearly quadrupled the size of Chillicothe.

     In 1918, the influenza epidemic arrived at Camp Sherman. Thousands of soldiers contracted Spanish influenza in the late summer and early fall, and nearly twelve hundred died from the illness.

Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, Ohio page 2

Camp Sherman Company 1520

Karen Sue Wikoff collection

Camp Sherman about 7 p.m

408  Motor Supply Camp Sherman 20 November 1917

Camp Sherman troops at mess hall

Camp Sherman horse feeding station

Camp Sherman ready for morning drill

Company of US transports

Camp Sherman soldiers in review

Camp Sherman Gun Inspection

Camp Sherman getting ready for action

Camp Sherman Drilling Rookies

Camp Sherman boys at mess

Camp Sherman a dry crowd

Camp Sherman just after Mess

Camp Sherman New Recruits

Camp Sherman front view of the Red Cross Hospital

Looking at Camp Sherman from a distance

Camp Sherman cantonment

Camp Sherman base hospital section

Camp Sherman Ice Plant

Digging trenches at Camp Sherman

Camp Sherman soldiers after they finished digging trench

Rookies on a 2 mile long street

Camp Sherman Base Hospital with camp in background

Camp Sherman a row of wards Base Hospital

Camp Sherman Emergency Hospital

Camp Sherman Showers, Bunk Houses and Officers Quarters

Camp Sherman 332 infantry

Camp Sherman Main Post Exchange with what is now Rt. 104 in front

Bird's Eye View of Camp Sherman

Camp Sherman Barracks

Camp Sherman a partial view

Camp Sherman Bakery

Camp Sherman Power House

Camp Sherman a wide view

Picture provided by Steve Staten

Standing in line by the [coat and hat] Check-Room in the Community House at the U.S. Army WW I training camp, Camp Sherman, north of Chillicothe, Ohio in Ross Co., 1917-1918

Mark Howell collection

Camp Sherman OSU team

Standing in line by the [coat and hat] Check-Room in the Community House at the U.S. Army WW I at Camp Sherman

Soldiers from Camp Sherman in front of court house 1918 

Toledo boys of the 329 inf November 1919

Army troops at Chillicothe's Camp Sherman playing games following drilling during WW I

Showing a row of officers' quarters at Camp Sherman

Camp Sherman all Americans  

Camp Sherman 83rd football squad

The cigar shop (a branch of United Cigar Stores Inc.) at the Community House at Camp Sherman, in Ross Co. 1917-1918.  

Mark Howell collection

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Hauling material to the trenches

The exterior of the WCCS Army Club No.2 for Colored Soldiers, Friends, and Relatives at the WW I Army training Camp Sherman  

Mark Howell collection

Camp Sherman Street scene

Camp Sherman Front of the program from when Ohio State played an All Star team from Camp Sherman. Ohio State won 28-0.

Members of the YMCA singing in a base hospital ward at Camp Sherman, March 22, 1918

Camps Sherman team

Camp Sherman Trench Diggers

Camp Sherman black recruits

Dwight D Eisenhower at Camp Sherman sitting in the reviewing stand with General Glenn watching a football game. Ike is to the left of Gen. Glenn in the photo who is standing.

Starting on a morning hike

A view of one of Camp Sherman's two Curtiss Jenny biplanes. They were used to observe maneuvers and evaluate troop formations.

Jeff Shroyer collection

The signaling instrument they are using is a US Signal Service heliograph, model of 1905.
Heliographs were used by the US military for visual signaling from 1879 to about 1922.
The US signal service heliograph worked by reflecting sunlight at the target using 4.5"x4.5" gimbaled mirrors on a tripod, then using a shutter on a second tripod to chop the sunbeam into the dots and dashes of Morse Code. The signal could be read by the naked eye at 45 miles - further with a telescope. For all intents and purposes, the range was line of sight.

A 28 second clip from a 1915 film showing how the heliograph was transported, set up, and used to signal, is on YouTube (HD 1080p video), at:

Thanks to Richard A. Fowell for the picture and information

Richard A. Fowell